Montessori Elementary is a program that grows out of respect for the mind of a rapidly developing child.

North End Montessori School currently offers a first through third grade curriculum, with the possibility of extending to higher elementary programming as students matriculate and families require additional services.

Our elementary program uses the Montessori method of child directed activities that emphasizes reading, writing, grammar, geography, culture, science, physical education, art, music, mathematics and technology. We provide supportive materials to keep learning activities engaging and lively and that instill a love of learning for a lifetime. In addition to the core curriculum, we offer field trips, enrichment programs, and ski programs.

Our elementary curriculum is NH Department of Education certified allowing students to transfer successfully between Montessori and traditional programs. Additional information about other certifications and memberships.

Lower Elementary Curriculum:

Below is a sampling of the lower elementary curriculum that is covered in the first through third grades (this is not a literal scope and sequence for the full elementary curriculum).


  • concept and process in operations of addition and subtraction

  • introduction to fractions

  • skip counting: powers of numbers; memorization

  • addition of coins, making change from notes

  • concept and process in operations of multiplication and division

  • equivalence of unlike fractions, addition of unlike fractions

  • basic concepts: point; line; surface; and solid

  • names of geometric solids

  • study of angles: whole; straight; right; acute; obtuse; and convex/reflex angles formed by a transversal

  • names of plane figures, including triangles and polygons

  • study of quadrilaterals (parallelogram, trapezoid, rhombus, rectangle, square)

  • study of polygons (pentagon through decagon)


  • word study: classifying compound words; alpha order; syllabication; suffixes; prefixes; antonyms; synonyms; homophones; homonyms; homographs; and guide words

  • mechanics: periods and capitals; quotation marks; commas; and apostrophes

  • phonics: short and long vowels; consonant digraphs; blends; vowels; and digraphs

  • history of writing

  • writing process

  • print handwriting

  • cursive handwriting

  • spelling tests

  • spelling rules: silent “e;” doubling final consonants; drop the “e;” and plural endings

  • mechanics of writing


  • introduction to sentence structure: “asking” vs “telling” sentences and concept of a sentence as a complete thought

  • function of the noun family: article; adjective; and noun

  • function of verbs, prepositions, adverbs, conjunctions, pronouns, interjections and the four types of sentences: declarative; imperative; interrogative; and exclamatory

  • study of style: analyzing simple texts for frequency of parts of speech

  • sentence analysis: simple sentences with predicate subject and object; indirect object; and adverbial extensions


  • parts of five classes of vertebrates: fish; amphibians; reptiles; birds; and the animals

  • first knowledge of animals and plants

  • parts of “plants” : seaweed, moss, fens, pine trees, flowering plants, fungi

  • body functions of animals / “plant:” (movement, anchorage, protection, support, nutrition, circulation, reproduction, dispersal)

  • beginning research into animals/ “plants” of choice

  • parts of a flower/leaf/root

  • advanced botany nomenclature (e.g. types of leaf margins, types of fruits, etc.)

  • taxonomy: classification of animals/plants according to a five kingdom model

  • research and guided report writing

History, Geography and Physical Science

  • concepts of time: noticing changes in seasons

  • graphing child’s family ages

  • passage of years: making a personal timeline of child’s life

  • history of names of days of the week and months of year

  • telling time on analog clocks

  • study of fundamental human needs of various cultures

  • Roman numerals

  • the Gregorian calendar and BC/AD or CE/BCE timeline

  • the “Clock of the Eras”

  • the Timeline of Life: detailed research into the Paleozoic, Mesozoic, Cenozoic and Neozoic Eras

  • history of maps; puzzle mapping; and compass directions

  • land and water forms and physical geography

  • work of water

  • sound

  • parts of a river

  • sun and earth

  • light

  • pin maps: political boundaries of continents

  • beginning basic research on countries of choice

  • nature of the elements

  • the “Creation Story”

  • composition of the earth

  • parts / formation of mountains

  • magnetism